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Data-Driven Healthcare and Cybercrime: A Threat We Are Not Aware Of?


This paper deals with the problem of cybercrime as a rising threat to the healthcare sector. Security incidents involving different forms of cyberattacks are on the rise and are becoming one of the top security threats nowadays. The healthcare system is not an exception: moreover, it seems that it is one of the most vulnerable sectors for cyberattacks. Hackers prefer targeting healthcare organizations (especially hospitals) because they are more willing to pay the ransom to gain their crucial data back. Cyberattacks on hospitals paralyze their entire operational process and cause damage to both institutions and patients. A typical example is the recent attack on several U.S. hospitals, when one of the targeted hospitals paid around $17,000 USD ransom for the decryption of their digital information. The purpose of this paper is to draw attention to scientific debates on this important aspect of Big Data in the healthcare system. The author describes the phenomenology of cyberattacks in healthcare and points to certain legal issues, such as conflict of jurisdictions, inadequate defining of criminal offences and the general lack of consensus on the catalog of incriminations that can adequately respond to the needs of contemporary cybercrimes.


Igor Vuletić
– Assistant Professor, Chair of Criminal Law
– Faculty of Law, University Josip Juraj Strossmayer of Osijek, Croatia


  • Background
    2014 ~ 2017, vice- dean for education and students, Faculty of Law, University J. J. Strossmayer of Osijek
    – 2014 ~ 2017, president of the Ethical committee, University Hospital, Osijek
    – 2016 ~ present, vice- director of Research Center for European Criminal Law, Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences (SASS), Shanghai, China
    – 2013 ~ present, assistant professor of criminal law, Faculty of Law, University J. J. Strossmayer of Osijek
    – 2012 ~ 2013, senior lecturer, Faculty of Law, University J. J. Strossmayer of Osijek
    – 2006 ~ 2012, teaching assistant, Faculty of Law, University J. J. Strossmayer of Osijek
    – 2002 ~ 2006, assessor- judge, Municipal court Osijek
  • Education
    2007 ~ 2011, PhD studies in criminal sciences, Faculty of Law, University of Zagreb, Croatia (defended PhD thesis on 19 Dec 2011)
    – 2011, Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law, Freiburg, Germany (Max Planck Fellowship, Feb 2011)
    – 2010, Specialization course in international criminal law, topic: “Human trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation”, International Institute of Higher Studies in Criminal Sciences, Siracusa (Italy)
    – 2009, International Summer Course «Crime Prevention through Criminal Law and Security Studies», Dubrovnik, Croatia
    – 2001 ~ 2006, LL. M., Faculty of Law, University J. J. Strossmayer of Osijek, Croatia
    – 1997 ~ 2011, musical high- school “Franjo Kuhač”, Osijek, Croatia (classical- guitarist)
  • Selected Publications
    – Igor Vuletić, Scope and Limits of the Impact of EU Law on the General Parts of National Criminal Laws, Collected Papers of the Law Faculty of the University of Rijeka, Vol. 37, 2/2016.
    – Igor Vuletić, A Few Critical Remarks on Art. 25/3/F of the Rome Statute, Us-China Law Review, Vol. 13, 1/2016.
    – Igor Vuletić, Non-Consensual Sexual Intercourse in Croatian Criminal Law,Crimen: Journal for Criminal Justice, VII, 1/2016.
    – Igor Vuletić, The Applicability of Traditional Concepts of Substantive Criminal Law to Computer Crimes, Collected Papers of Zagreb Law Faculty, Vol. 64, 5-6/2014.
    – Igor Vuletić/Tomislav Nedić, Computer- related fraud in Croatian Criminal Law, Collected Papers of the Law Faculty of the University of Rijeka, Vol. 35, 2/2014.
    – Igor Vuletić, “The Organised Structure of Power” and Economic Crime: “FIMI-Media” Case and a View from the Croatian Perspective, Journal of Law and Criminal Justice, Vol. 2, 2/2014.