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Artificial Intelligence in Medicine and Confidentiality of Data

Abstract

Protection of personal data and respect for private and family life are two very fragile yet extremely important fundamental rights. Due to its fragile nature, the European Parliament insists on the need to strike a balance between maintaining and enhancing security on one hand and safeguarding data protection and privacy of individual on the other. An awareness of the fragility of this particular areas requires a systematic legal approach in order to continue data’s protection in the digital age. This article focuses on recently emerged privacy issues regarding robot doctors. The presence of artificial intelligence and robots in the workplace is not new. Manufacturers have been using automation in their factories for many years, but recently, it has moved further into mainstream consciousness. Moreover, involvement of an artificial intelligence into medical profession (working process) shaped the outer line of the labour law. The percent of digital workforce is far from marginal and we can undoubtedly expect its increase in a not so far distant future. Inner reorganization of the latter is crucial, since modern machines will no longer be considered simple tools in hands of their user. Therefore, who will be held liable for the harm caused by robots’s unforeseeable actions? An more importantly, how to design laws in order to preserve moral foundations of medicine?


 

Tjaša Zapuše (Bologna Program Postgraduate Student, University of Copenhagen, Denmark)

 

  • Background
    – Recently, Tjaša has presented her ideas at the Central European Law Conference 2016 (Slovenia), the XI European Colloquium of Maritime Law Research Conference (Spain). In the last year she has been actively engaged in several research projects regarding artificial intelligence and the increasing autonomy of robots. For this purpose, she participated in the We Robot Conference 2017 (Yale University, USA), Big Data, New Challenges for Law and Ethics: International Scientific Conference 2017 (Ljubljana, Slovenia) and the 2017 Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (Vienna, Austria), where she presented her ideas concerning the imposition of robot’s legal status. In May 2017, she was invited to Princeton University (New Jersey, USA), where she, with 24 other scholars, developed a position on appropriateness and feasibility of legal personhood for autonomous and artificially intelligent agents. From 2015-2016, Tjaša worked as a judicial intern at the Administrative Court in Ljubljana and the District Court of Maribor.
  • Education
    – Graduated with honors after receiving highest grade for thesis